Balochistan in December: four students among 64 forcibly disappeared; 11 killed

December saw a surge in the number of people who were forcibly disappeared in Balochistan.  Some 64 persons, including two elderly men and four students, were taken away by security forces.

Meanwhile, 10 people were killed in different incidents and a decomposed dead body was recovered from district Duki.

On Nov 26, security forces abducted a student from the Hub Chowki area of district Hub and moved him to an unknown location. The victim is Sarwar son of Abdul Qadeer, a resident of Kohado area of Jahoo, district Awaran. He had recently moved to the Hub city with his family.

On Nov 29, the forces abducted two others from separate areas of Balochistan. Noor Dad son of Arz Muhammad was taken away from Ormara, Gwadar, and Taj Muhammad son of Eid Muhammad from Mand, district Kech

On Dec 2, the forces disappeared a student, Shahnawaz son of Babu, a resident of Ronjan, Mashkay area of district Awaran. His family was threatened into brining him to the army camp in Mashkay. His uncle took him to the camp from where he was forced to leave without Shahnawaz, who is still missing.

Shahnawaz Babu. Photo: TBP

On the same day, security forces abducted six others from different areas of Kech and Awaran. They were identified as Waris son of Ibrahim, Muhammad Jan son of Adam, Haleem son of Muhammad, Usman son of Allah Bakhsh, Badain son of Hamza and Qadir Bakhsh.

On Dec 3, security forces raided the house of Khalil son of Abbas in Shand area of Mand, district Kech, and took him away after a brief detention.

On Dec 4, Misk Ali son of Lala Bugti and Rasool Bakhsh son of Rameen were whisked away from Rahi area of Naseerabad during a military raid.

On Dec 6, secret agents abducted Haji Sher Jan son of Laal Khan, a resident of Senganisar area of Turbat, district Kech. He was a retired Dubai policeman who worked for 30 years and was visiting for medical treatment. He went missing from the Karachi airport. He had also been previously forcibly disappeared.

On Dec 7, the forces took away a student, Jalal son of Hassan, and Keyya son of Ali from the Gomazi area of Tump, district Kech, during a search operation. He is since missing.

On Dec 8, military forces carried out a search operation in Hor, Dasht, district Kech, and abducted Akbar son of Madi Khan and another person whose identity couldn’t be confirmed.

On Dec 9, local death squad militants abducted a teenaged boy, Khairullah son of Abdul Samad Laangav, from Tootak, Khuzdar.

The same day, the forces picked up Rasool Bakhsh son of Nazeer and Shabeer son of Noor Bakhsh during a raid in Zandain Daz area of Panjgur. His whereabouts remain unknown.

On Dec 10, the forces conducted a search operation, laying siege to Jahoo, district Awaran, and whisked away 11 people. The abductees were identified as Mullah Muhammad Kareem son of Sher Jan, Jumma son of Malik, Kameesa son of Lakko, Nabi Jan son of Gul Dad, Faqeer son of Hassan, Muhammad son of Eido, Rasool Bakhsh son of Ibrahim, Qadri son of Biyandar, Khudadad son of Noora, Jumma son of Hadoo and Muhammad Umar son of Lakko.

On Dec 12, the forces raided the house of Muneer son of Murad Bakhsh in Kaleera area of Dasht, district Kech, and took him away.

Muneer Murad Bakhsh. Photo: Ashoob News

On Dec 13, the forces carried out a raid on the house of Ishaq son of Ibahim in Jitani Bazar, Dasht, district Kech. They beat up the women and took Ishaq away. It is the second time he has been forcibly disappeared.

The same day, the forces whisked away six persons from a bus stop in Hazarganji, Quetta. They were travelling from Naseerabad for medical treatment. Later, the others were released but 60-year-old Haji Dost Ali and 80-year-old Fareed are still missing.

On Dec 17, the forces abducted Kareem Dad, his son Murad Jan and son-in-law Umar from Bagod area of Mashkay, district Awaran. Also, they took away Majid Baghwan from Nokabad area of Gramkhan, district Panjgur.

Majid Baghwan. Photo: TBP

On Dec 19, the forces picked up and disappeared Mama son of Murad Khan Marri and Raza Khan son of Mullah Qambrani from Killi Tangai, Shahrag, Harnai, district Harnai.

On Dec 20, Abbas son of Ibrahim and Waleed son of Hamza were forcibly disappeared during a raid in Mullahi Nigor, Dasht, district Kech, by military forces.

On Dec 21, the military forces raided a number of houses in the Gomazi area of Tump, district Kech, and took away five residents of the area. The victims were identified as Taimur son of Anwar, Basheer son of Haji Rehmat, Ayoub son of Rasool Bakhsh, Naseem son of Dr Dur Muhammad and Zubair son of Liaqat.

On Dec 22, the forces raided a house in Tayabdapi area of district Gwadar and whisked away Wahab son of Ghulam Muhammad, a student in Quetta. He had come home on vacations.

Wahab Ghulam Mohammad. Photo: Social media/Twitter

On Dec 23, Qadeer son of Barkat went missing when the security forces raided his house in the Malar area of district Awaran and dragged him away.

On Dec 25, the forces conducted a search operation in Awaran and abducted eight locals — Pullain son of Hassan, Maula Bakhsh son of Peer Jan, Akbar son of Maula Bakhsh, Hassan son of Siddiq, Murad son of Hassan, Nadeem son of Allahyar, Barkat and Yaseen sons of Ameen. The identity of two others could not be confirmed.

The same day, intelligence personnel whisked away a resident of Damb, Hoshab, district Kech namely Shakar son of Sordo. Meanwhile, FC personnel raided the house of Haneef son of Swali in Malar, Awaran and took him away.

On Dec 26, intelligence personnel forcibly disappeared Aseel son of Ismail who was a resident of Sardro, Panjgur. He was picked up from the Diesel Market where he had been working for over a year.

Killed persons:

On Dec 1, unknown militants opened fire on Ameer son of Bashir, a resident of the Gichk area of Panjgur, and killed him. Another person, Nizam, was also injured in the incident.

On Dec 3, unidentified gunmen killed Abdul Rasool son of abdullah in Saryab Mill area of Quetta for unknown reasons.

On Dec 13, unknown armed men shot down Rafiq son of Muhammad Ismail, a resident of Tadeek area of Noshki. The reason behind the murder remains unknown.

On Dec 18, unknown militants opened fire on Mehboob and his son Danish. According to the locals, they were working for the Pakistani forces.

On the the same day, during a skirmish between Pakistani forces and Baloch militants, two members of the Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) namely Sameer and Dedar were killed. They both belonged to the Badrang area of Kolwah, district Awaran.

On Dec 19, a decomposed dead body was recovered from the Ishkarchat area of district Duki and was immediately moved to hospital for medical examination. No further information was provided about his identity by the local government.

On Dec 22, one was shot dead by the police for not raising his hands on the orders of the police.

On Dec 23, Yar Muhammad, a resident of Meherabad area of Surab was killed by unknown gunmen. The reason behind his death is unknown.

On 26 Dec, gunmen killed Waqar Fida son of Fida Ahmad, a resident of Khudabadan, Panjgur for unknown reasons.

Waqar Fida. Photo: Ashoob News

Balochistan: Four women among 31 forcibly disappeared in November 2019

Personnel of Frontier Corps abducted four women during three raids in different parts of Awaran on 29 November 2019. 

They whisked away 52 years old Sakina Qadir Bakhsh from Harunay Dann, 47 years old Sayad Bibi Ahmad from Mashi, and 35 years old Hamida Mir Dilbod and 52 years old Nazal Mir Asadullah from Zilag village. 

Next day, the abducted women were photographed along with two female police officers and a cache of arms and ammunitions which the police said they had recovered from the women’s possession. 

The police claimed the four women were ‘facilitators of terrorists’ and shifted them to Khuzdar Jail after booking them on terrorism charges. 

Two of them were later hospitalized in Khuzdar due to severe physical torture. 

The Human Rights Council of Balochistan (HRCB) and Baloch Human Rights Organization (BHRO) investigated the cases and found that the four women had been picked up because of the involvement of their male relatives in the ongoing nationalist insurgency. Security forces could not find the men during previous raids on their homes. Frustrated, they finally took away the women.

All of these families are among those internally displaced due to the conflict between insurgents and military. They had left their native villages because of continuous raids on their houses. 

Security forces often lay siege to villages, abduct men and burn houses. More than a thousand of such abducted men have later been found dead. 

This pattern is forcing men to stay away from home, especially during raids. Many have joined armed groups to find a shelter. 

Abduction and enforced disappearance is not a new pattern in Balochistan. Tens of thousands of men have been abducted by security forces and are missing since early 2000’s. Dozens of mass graves have been found in different parts of Balochistan, each containing 10 to 150 bodies. 

The abduction of women tends to intensify the already simmering tensions between nationalists and the central government. 

Some nationalist armed groups have issued press releases saying “they would not consider themselves bound to the international conventions and ethics of war, as Pakistan has already violated all the ethics by abducting our women.” 

Thirty-one more persons were abducted and forcibly disappeared by security forces during the month of November, according to reports received by HRCB and BHRO. 

On Nov 1, the security forces raided a house in Cheri Malar, district Awaran and forcibly disappeared Dosten Riaz.

On Nov 3, forces abducted Wahid Murad, a resident of Ashal area of Kolwah, district Awaran from a shop in Turbat, the district headquarter of Kech.

On Nov 6, Ali Hanif was abducted and forcibly disappeared from Soro area of Mand, district Kech.

Ali Hanif. Photo: Ashoob News

On Nov 9, forces abducted Saghir Saleh Muhammad and Talal Imam Bakhsh from Goburd area of Mand, district Kech.

On Nov 10, FC raided Macchat village of Dasht, district Kech and abducted Usman Sakhi and Sharif Salim.

On Nov 17, Ubaid Arif, a Balochi writer and poet was whisked away from Jattani Bazar village of Dasht, district Kech. He was working in UAE and had come home on his vacations.

On Nov 18, FC raided a house in Singabad area of Kech and abducted Miran Sardu along with his son, Haleef Baloch.

On Nov 25, FC personnel whisked away 70 years old Kachkol Ali at a military check-post when he was on his way from Kech to Panjgur. 

On the same day, forces abducted and disappeared two students, Sajid Qadir Bakhsh and Parvez Sadiq, from Haroone Dan area of district Awaran. Sajid is the son of Sakina, one of the four women still in police custody. 

On Nov 28, FC abducted and disappeared thirteen persons from Lakhanadi, Uch area of district Dera Bugti. We were able to get details of seven of them as we await to confirm the rest. 

On Nov 28, FC raided a house in Parom are of district Panjgur and abducted Mukhtar Ghulam Rasool. 

On Nov 29, forces raided another house in Parom and forcibly disappeared four persons, Muhammad Ghulam Hussain, Barkat Liaqat, Aziz Ali Bakhsh and Shero Issa.

Killed persons:

On Nov 4, a dead body was found in district Qilla Abdullah. It was immediately moved to hospital where he was identified as Gos ullah Karim Agha. He had been abducted on 14 Aug from Shaikh Mandha, district Quetta and had been missing since then.

On Nov 10, three dead bodies were found in Gardank area of Buleda, dictrict kech. They were identified as of Niamat Abdul Karim resident of Zamuran, district Kech, Salauhddin Inayatullah resident of Khudabadan, district Panjgur and Zubair Badal Khan resident of Kharan.

On Nov 19, a dead body was recovered from Quetta. He was later identified as Ahmad Zia Navid Khalji resident of Nawa Killi, Quetta.

On Nov 29, another dead was found in Washuk, who was identified as Kamal Khan Bahadur Shah resident of Kharan.

Two decomposed bodies were found in Quetta and Qalat on 19 and 28 November. Both were beyond recognition and were buried without establishing their identities. 

Four persons were shot killed by unknown gunmen in different parts of Balochistan during the month. There are dozens of armed groups, fully armed and free-to-move in the region. They are locally called death-squads and are backed by the military.

Balochistan: 20 killed, 12 forcibly disappeared

At least 20 people were killed and 12 forcibly disappeared in different areas of Balochistan, as the military continues its crackdown against a separatist insurgency in the region.

Four persons, who had been previously abducted by “unknown gunmen”, were
found dead in October 2019.

“Unknown gunmen” are masked men, who locals believe are sponsored by the
military to target families of Baloch insurgents and political activists.

On 5 October, a bullet-riddled decomposed body was found in the Mandig Kaor area of Mand, a town in district Kech that borders Iran. The body was identified as that of Ali Akbar Akram. He had been previously abducted by members of local death-squad. The body bore marks of severe torture.

Ali Akbar Akram. Photo:Aashoob

On 7 October, two bodies were found in Turbat. They were later identified
as Saddam Dashti and Masud Murad. Both were abducted by “unknown gunmen” from
separate villages a day earlier.

On October 4, the decomposed body of Maula Bakhsh Abdul Wahid was found in
Zangi Nawad area of district Nohski.

Also, four men are shot killed by “unknown gunmen” in Balochistan during
the month.

On October 7, masked gunmen gunned down a Hindu merchant, Ashok Kumar in Jumma Khan Hotel, district Lasbela for unknown reason.

On October 8, Rahim Bakhsh, a resident of Gichk Kahn area of district
Panjgur, was shot dead by unknown gunmen while another person, Nizam was
injured in the incident. 

On October 12, Mujib Jami resident of Kashap, Dasht, district Kech was killed by unknown gunmen. According to the locals, he was a member of a local death-squad.

Mujeeb Jami. Photo: CB News

On October 15, unknown gunmen shot killed Anwar Ababaki in Hazarganji,
Quetta. His father was abducted by the security forces in 2010, and is missing
since then.

Besides, two unknown bodies were found in Quetta and one in Lasbela regions
of Balochistan in October.

On October 3, an unidentified body was found in Killi Qambarani, district
Quetta, and was then moved to hospital for further investigations. 

On the same day, the body of a woman was found in Killi Khali near Khezai
bypass in Quetta. The body was sent to hospital for medical examination.

On October 25, a decomposed body was found from Windar, district Lasbela
near the motorway. The body was sent to the nearest hospital and then sent to
the Edhi Foundation. The body was decomposed beyond recognition.

Enforced Disappearances

Enforced disappearance continued in the month of October. Dozens were abducted by personnel of Frontier Corps, but most of them were released later. Yet twelve of them remain missing till the time of filing this report.

On October 08, Pakistani forces abducted a 14-years-old boy, Nadim Darwesh,
from Sakuran area of district Hub where he had been living for quite some time
after his village, Kohado, in Jahoo, district Awaran was evacuated by military.
Nadim is the fourth victim of enforced disappearance in the same family.

On October 12, Frontier Corps personnel conducted a raid in the Awaran
region and abducted three persons — Dad Muhammad Baran, Sabir Lal and Elahi
Bakhsh Hamza.

On 14 October, forces raided the house of Miskan Baloch in Babbarshor area
of Pasni, district Gwadar and inquired about his son Hamid. Later, forces
took Miskan to the place where his son went for picnic and abducted his son
while Miskan Baloch was let go.

On October 16, Muhammad Yaqub resident of Badokasht area of Jahl, Zehri,
district Khuzdar was abducted by Frontier Corps in Surab while he was going to
Khuzdar with his family.

On October 17, forces whisked away a student, Amir Jamaldini, a resident of
Killi Bato, Noshki from Cadet College Noshki.

On October 18, personnel of Frontier Corps and intelligence agencies abducted
Arif Irshad resident of Hoshap, Naseem Karim Bakhsh and Dil Murad Nasir,
residents of Gwarkop from Koh-e-Murad, Turbat. The next day Naseem and Dil
Murad were released while the whereabouts of Arif Irshad are still unknown.

On October 27, forces took away a resident of Ward No.1, Pasni, district Gwadar named as Irfan Ghani while he was on his way from Gwadar to Pasni.

Irfan Ghani.

On October 29, forces abducted Farid Fazal and Nadil Abdul Nabi during a raid in Maher area of Mand, district Kech. The military is constructing a camp in Maher and often raid local houses in search of suspects.

From R to L: Nadil Abdul Nabi and Farid Fazal. Photo Aashoob News

Military should be expelled from Balochistan’s education institutions: HRCB, BHRO

Baloch Human Rights Organization (BHRO) and Human Rights Council of Balochistan (HRCB) are concerned about the harassment scandal emerging out of the University of Balochistan (UoB) that university administration and the security department officials are involved in blackmailing and exploiting female students by recording their candid moments without consent.

According to reports, the security staff of the University of Balochistan (UoB) had installed secret cameras to record candid videos of the students and then to blackmail them. Cameras were installed in places like washrooms and smoking areas, as investigation report says.

Balochistan has been under military siege for the last two decades. Independent journalists and human rights activists are not allowed to enter the region. Therefore, it remains isolated from the rest of the world, yet stories of serious crimes often committed by state institutions keep pouring out.

As a counter-insurgency measure, the country’s powerful army and central government have deployed thousands of soldiers with immense powers in Balochistan. A recent human rights report said over 700 soldiers were stationed at the university campus alone.

In some cases, schools in rural areas have been closed and the premises handed over to the army.
According to a report by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan´s fact finding mission, released on October 2, 2019, around 10,000 students were enrolled in the university, being watched by over 700 FC personnel deployed at the UoB, after being declared the zonal Chiltan headquarters of the Frontier Corps, a paramilitary force.

The HRCP, before even the UoB scandal exploded, highlighted the complaints of some students that CCTV cameras were installed at their hostel. The report also hints about the harassment and blackmailing taking place at the campus.

The HRCP urged an end to the unwarranted and permanent involvement of the security forces in the affairs of educational institutions.

We, as human rights groups, are looking closely into the progress on the investigation and we are not satisfied. We believe that the FC and military should have been included in the investigation as there have been growing complaints against the FC of blackmailing and exploiting students.

We believe that the latest scandal will also discourage people in the patriarchal Baloch and Pakhtun families living in Balochistan from sending their daughters to school. Girls enrollment rate in Balochistan is already one of the lowests in the world.

We urge the concerned authorities that all the educational institutions be demilitarized and the FC should be made accountable for its growing human rights abuses in the region.

Balochistan: Teenage son of missing man went missing

Sixteen years old human rights
activist, Ali Haidar went missing from Gwadar Balochistan, reportedly since
Sunday, 16 June 2019. It is believed that he is the latest victim of Pakistani
army’s decades long practice of enforced disappearances. 

Ali Haidar came into the limelight when he participated in a more than 2000 km historical long march from Quetta to Islamabad via Karachi in 2014 for the release of his father who was abducted by the security forces from a bus travelling to Gwadar. He was 11 years old then and a student of grade four.

The Long march was arranged by Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP), a group consisting of family members of missing persons of Balochistan. Ali Haider could be seen pushing a trolley during the group’s months long march from Quetta to Islamabad. Despite the long march, Ramzan Baloch who was abducted by military in July 2010 is missing till date.

Ali Haidar during the historical march from Quetta to Islamabad via Karachi in 2013. photo: social media

Ali Haidar’s abduction is also significant since he is also an eyewitness of his father’s abduction. Describing the events of his father’s abduction in a TV interview ,he said “they (military personnel) struck him (the father) with sticks and kicks and punches and after wounding him badly dragged him – all in front of me”. 

Ali Haidar Baloch being Interviewed by prominent journalist Hamid Mir. Courtesy: Geo News

Ali Haidar’s abduction is viewed by many human rights activists as a tactic to apply maximum pressure on the families of missing persons in order to silence them. The families had constantly been raising their voice for the safe recovery of their loved ones. Family members of some disappeared persons are sitting in a protest camp in front of Quetta Press Club since more than a decade. But, since November last year, the camp gained momentum as female family members from far plunged areas joined the camp stirring a new wave of peaceful protests against enforced disappearance of their loved ones. 

In Balochistan, the police, judiciary and parliament have been non-cooperative in the case of missing persons as none of the institutions has the courage to stand against the military. The families of victims have continuously staged protests, organized press conferences as the only mean available to bring the cases of enforced disappearances on record.

Balochistan: Military whisk away women and children

On 21 April 2019, at around 09:00 pm Pakistan time, the Frontier Corps FC) cordoned off the Zillag village in district Awaran, Balochistan and took away eight villagers, mostly women and children, to their headquarters in the city after searching the houses without any warrants.

The victims include Shahnáz, wife of Liaqat, their one-year-old child, Farhád and Abdul Hai Sajdi, father of Shahnáz.

The other abducted family members include Sanam, wife of Akhtar, her 5-year-old son Mallén, her newly born daughter Mahdém, Názal mother of Akhtar and his 10-year-old brother, Ijaz.

Remaining members of the family say that the detainees were asked about the locations of Liaqat and Akhtar, who were not at home at the time of this search operation. Most of the men, specially political activists in Balochistan’s villages would not stay at homes as they fear being found and forcibly disappeared by military. Among those who were forcibily disappeared in such previous operations, many would later reappear as dead bodies dumped in the wilderness, the modus operandi is infamously know as the kill and dump policy.

“Liaqat and Akhtar are political activists affiliated with Baloch National Movement”, said France based Dr. Nasim Baloch, organizer of the BNM’s diaspora committee.

Many relatives of Liaqat Sajidi were abducted by security forces and their houses were burnt down, during such operations in their village. Some of his disappeared relatives were later found dead.

Adil Rahim, a cousin of Liaqat and Akhtar, was abducted from main bazar of Awaran in broad daylight in front of the public on 27 Feb 2016 and later the military handed over his bullet riddled dead body to the local hospital, claiming he was killed during a battle, on 19 April 2016. Body of Majid Omar, another abducted person and relative of former student leader, Kamal Baloch, was also handed over at the same time and was killed in the same fake encounter.

Such incidents of collective punishment are against the International Humanitarian Laws and are highly condemnable. HRCB strongly condemns the incident and demands an urgent release of detained victims including infants and children. We also ask responsible authorities in Pakistan to investigate these crimes and bring the perpetrators to justice.

The tragic story of a Baloch family from the ‘town of mass graves’

On Feb 18, 2019, online Baloch activists shared a picture of a smiling eight-year-old child with a caption that read that Bohair was an eight-month-old infant when his father, Atiq Ur Rahman, was abducted by Pakistan military and he is still missing.

Atiq was taken away during a late-night raid on his house in Khuzdar Tootak village, which is known for the discovery of mass graves containing bodies of former missing persons.

Bohair’s father was not the only person victimized that night. More than two dozen men from his extended family were picked up and disappeared by the military in one go. These victims include 80-year-old Mohammed Raheem Qalanderani, the grandfather of little Bohair. It is not the worst yet. Two students belonging to the family, Naeem and Yahya, were killed at point black during the raid the same night.

The military took away all the valuables they could got hold of and burnt the rest into ashes. The houses were demolished. They only left behind “half widows”, helpless female members and young children like Bohair.

Hasla Baloch, a female member of the victimized family, released a video message on February 18, the eighth anniversary of the incident.

“All male members of our family were abducted. Some of them were released later, but 13 are still missing, including my elderly uncle, Mohammad Raheem Khan Qalandrani (80), my uncle Dr Mohammad Tahir, Fida Ahmed, Nadeem, Nisar Ahmed, Aftab and three sons of my aunt — Waseem, Ateeq and Khalil.”

In January 2014, two mass graves were found by a shepherd in Tootak containing over hundred tortured bodies. Amnesty International urged the government to investigate the issue. However, as usual, nothing happened.

The area had been controlled by by Shafeeq Mengal, the leader of an extremist Islamic group called Haq-e-Tawar. He is known for his close ties with the Pakistan military and has been helping intelligence agencies to, in his own words, crush “the so-called Baloch nationalists”.

Tootak was “purged” of all its male members in joint operations by Shafiq Mengal’s men and the military while women were left helpless. Many families fled to the neighbouring Afghanistan as displaced persons. They have urged the UNHCR in Afghanistan to recognize them as political refugees and help them resettle in a safe country.

“We’re still waiting to be resettled,” says Halsa in her video message.

She also mentions that several other family members had been abducted by the military even before the February 18 incident.

“Zafar and Asif, my two cousins, were picked up and disappeared from Surab, Balochistan. Irshad was abducted from Lakpas area of Quetta and Imran from outside the Civil Hospital, Quetta. My uncle, Zia-ur-Rahman, was abducted while he was travelling from Quetta to Tootak,” she adds. All remain missing to date.

Halsa fears that the bodies found in the mass graves might belong to her missing family members.

Courtesy: Balochistan Times

Balochistan: Identity of hundreds of decomposed bodies must be established

In a short video broadcasted on 13 March 2019, BBC Urdu reported that Edhi Foundation (a charity organization) buried 131 mutilated and decomposed bodies in one of three graveyards in Dasht, some 30 KM away from Quetta, capital of Balochistan. All these bodies were discovered during the last 26 months from different parts of Balochistan. According to the report, the Foundation has three different cemeteries in which hundreds more decomposed bodies are buried. A worker from the foundation says that the identity of the tortured, decomposed bodies could not be established. Their faces are decomposed to a level that no one can recognize them. So they are handed over to the foundation to be buried. The same worker also claims that they (the foundation) make a last minute attempt to identify the bodies by taking the pictures and posting them on facebook, in expectation that some of their relatives may identify and bury them according to the customs. Hardly 5 to 8 percent of these bodies are identified in this way, says the Edhi personnel in the video report.

In the same video report Dr Aisha, a police surgeon in Quetta can be heard saying “These bodies are mostly of the young people. Sometimes they would acid the faces so that they could not be recognized at all”,

When the BBC reporter puts the question of these unidentified dead bodies in front of the home minister of Balochistan Zia Langov, he answers, “No one came to us and said there is a body decomposed beyond recognition so that we could help to establish the identity”, He further says “we cannot help in this until some of the family members of the deceased won’t take a step ahead and ask our help”. Such confusing statements from the civil government officials indicate their unwillingness or inability to challenge the strong grip of the military in Balochistan affairs and investigate these dead bodies popping up from Balochistan against their wishes. All reports show that these bodies are a result of the military´s notorious kill and dump policy and utmost efforts are made by the military to hinder all legal processes from lodging an FIR of enforced disappearance to determining the identity of the dead bodies.

Families of victims of enforced disappearances protesting in the streets of quetta for their loved ones. Photo: VBMP

The report has further traumatized the already devastated families of thousands of missing persons.

Since 2011, tortured and decomposed bodies are recovered from different parts of Balochistan on almost weekly basis. Most of them are buried without establishing their identities. In May 2011, a mass grave was discovered in Panjgur area of Balochistan which contained unrecognizable bodies of almost fifteen persons. Three among them were identified as Abid Shah, Safir and Sattar, all three were abducted by military in broad day light from Panjgur city and had remained forcibly disappeared until popping up as dead bodies in that mass grave.

Two other mass graves were discovered by shepherds in Tutak area of Khuzdar area of Balochistan, containing more than 100 bodies, all decomposed beyond recognition. One of the bodies had the identity card, as Naseer Ahmad of Awaran. Naseer Ahmad was abducted by military from main bazar of Awaran, in front of the public. The military then sealed the surrounding area of mass graves and buried all the bodies once again in an undisclosed grave without establishing the identities.

Since then more than a dozen of mass graves were discovered from different places at different times. Every time a mass grave is discovered the military either reburies the bodies in full security and without a DNA test or gets them reburied by the civil authorities under their watchful eyes without ever giving a chance to the families of the enforced disappeared persons to carry out DNA tests.

However, the bodies Edhi Foundation buried in these three cemeteries are claimed to be not found from mass graves but are found individually, dumped in different areas, mostly in uninhabited areas of the region.

Thousands have gone missing in Balochistan since early 2000’s. Military has adopted a policy of enforced disappearance and extra judicial killing to suppress the nationalist movement in the region.

Family members of missing persons are protesting for safe release of their loved ones since 2001. The protesters demand that if their loved ones are torture to death then they should be informed by the government, but the authorities have not taken the issue seriously so far.

Continued discovery of decomposed bodies and unclear statements from the government only serve to increase the pains of the family members of missing persons, who see no hope from any side.

We demand a fair investigation supervised by a fair international body and DNA tests on all such dead bodies that are buried without establishing their identities.

Baloch poet and writer Nazar Dost abducted by Pakistan military, should be released immediately

Nazar Mohammad (32), pen name Nazar Dost, is a sergeant in Royal Army of Oman. He joined the army on July 24, 2006. On January 26, 2019, he arrived in Balochistan, his birth land, to spend his two month vocations with his family.

He was involuntarily abducted and disappeared by Pakistani military forces from Kech, Balochistan on March 5 this year. His family is still not informed about his guilt and locations.

Mr. Nazar is an author of five Balochi books, including three novels. According to his family and friends, he has no connections with any political party and violent activities. They say, he is a literary person and a peaceful breadwinner.

He is originally from Tanzala village in Kolwa of district Kech, Balochistan. His family is very concerned about his well-being due to the previous abductions of literary persons in Balochistan and the discovery of their bodies from the military torture cells.

His vocations will finish on March 20, 2019. He is supposed to be there by then and join his duty, otherwise he would lose his job. He is the only breadwinner of his extended family. His disappearance and loss of job will greatly effect the family both mentally and physically.

The HRCB strongly condemns his forceful disappearance by Pakistan military and asks for an immediate court appearance of him. If he has done anything wrong, he must be investigated in a judicial process and his family must be given the right to meet him and fight his case.

We also encourage his family to register his case as soon as possible. We will be very pleased to help the family in writing and submitting the case, if needed.

Student of Balochistan went missing from Peshawar, KPK

Mr. Sarfaraz is a first-year student of BS program in Psychology department at University of Peshawar went missing on February 13. Family believes Sarfaraz is picked up and forcibly disappeared by Pakistan’s intelligence agencies of Pakistan.

“His cell phone is off since then, but sometimes on the following day messages were delivered to his number but there were no replies”, says family.

Mr. Sarfaraz is a local of Awaran, Balochistan where educational institutions are mostly under Pakistan military’s occupation including two Inter Colleges in the district. He, somehow, managed to get to Peshawar university for higher education.

Sarfaraz is not the first student of Balochistan went missing in other cities of Pakistan. Nawaz Atta, a famous human rights activist, Ezzat Baloch, a student leader went missing along with many others in Karachi Sindh.

Sarfaraz’s family is displaced from their birth village. They have no permanent place to live. Creating further disturbance and pain by abducting the vulnerable student members of the family is the highest form of punishment to the family with no sin.

The HRCB strongly condemns the enforced disappearance of Mr. Sarfaraz and demands his urgent recovery.

HRCB has already submitted the case to the Secretariat of the UN WGEID, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and an email with the details of the case was also sent to Shireen Mazari, the Minister of Human Rights of Pakistan.

We are thankful to the Secretariat of the WGEID of the UN and Amnesty International for their urgent response to the request to take action on the issue.