Balochistan: Military whisk away women and children

On 21 April 2019, at around 09:00 pm Pakistan time, the Frontier Corps FC) cordoned off the Zillag village in district Awaran, Balochistan and took away eight villagers, mostly women and children, to their headquarters in the city after searching the houses without any warrants.

The victims include Shahnáz, wife of Liaqat, their one-year-old child, Farhád and Abdul Hai Sajdi, father of Shahnáz.

The other abducted family members include Sanam, wife of Akhtar, her 5-year-old son Mallén, her newly born daughter Mahdém, Názal mother of Akhtar and his 10-year-old brother, Ijaz.

Remaining members of the family say that the detainees were asked about the locations of Liaqat and Akhtar, who were not at home at the time of this search operation. Most of the men, specially political activists in Balochistan’s villages would not stay at homes as they fear being found and forcibly disappeared by military. Among those who were forcibily disappeared in such previous operations, many would later reappear as dead bodies dumped in the wilderness, the modus operandi is infamously know as the kill and dump policy.

“Liaqat and Akhtar are political activists affiliated with Baloch National Movement”, said France based Dr. Nasim Baloch, organizer of the BNM’s diaspora committee.

Many relatives of Liaqat Sajidi were abducted by security forces and their houses were burnt down, during such operations in their village. Some of his disappeared relatives were later found dead.

Adil Rahim, a cousin of Liaqat and Akhtar, was abducted from main bazar of Awaran in broad daylight in front of the public on 27 Feb 2016 and later the military handed over his bullet riddled dead body to the local hospital, claiming he was killed during a battle, on 19 April 2016. Body of Majid Omar, another abducted person and relative of former student leader, Kamal Baloch, was also handed over at the same time and was killed in the same fake encounter.

Such incidents of collective punishment are against the International Humanitarian Laws and are highly condemnable. HRCB strongly condemns the incident and demands an urgent release of detained victims including infants and children. We also ask responsible authorities in Pakistan to investigate these crimes and bring the perpetrators to justice.




The tragic story of a Baloch family from the ‘town of mass graves’

On Feb 18, 2019, online Baloch activists shared a picture of a smiling eight-year-old child with a caption that read that Bohair was an eight-month-old infant when his father, Atiq Ur Rahman, was abducted by Pakistan military and he is still missing.

Atiq was taken away during a late-night raid on his house in Khuzdar Tootak village, which is known for the discovery of mass graves containing bodies of former missing persons.

Bohair’s father was not the only person victimized that night. More than two dozen men from his extended family were picked up and disappeared by the military in one go. These victims include 80-year-old Mohammed Raheem Qalanderani, the grandfather of little Bohair. It is not the worst yet. Two students belonging to the family, Naeem and Yahya, were killed at point black during the raid the same night.

The military took away all the valuables they could got hold of and burnt the rest into ashes. The houses were demolished. They only left behind “half widows”, helpless female members and young children like Bohair.

Hasla Baloch, a female member of the victimized family, released a video message on February 18, the eighth anniversary of the incident.

“All male members of our family were abducted. Some of them were released later, but 13 are still missing, including my elderly uncle, Mohammad Raheem Khan Qalandrani (80), my uncle Dr Mohammad Tahir, Fida Ahmed, Nadeem, Nisar Ahmed, Aftab and three sons of my aunt — Waseem, Ateeq and Khalil.”

In January 2014, two mass graves were found by a shepherd in Tootak containing over hundred tortured bodies. Amnesty International urged the government to investigate the issue. However, as usual, nothing happened.

The area had been controlled by by Shafeeq Mengal, the leader of an extremist Islamic group called Haq-e-Tawar. He is known for his close ties with the Pakistan military and has been helping intelligence agencies to, in his own words, crush “the so-called Baloch nationalists”.

Tootak was “purged” of all its male members in joint operations by Shafiq Mengal’s men and the military while women were left helpless. Many families fled to the neighbouring Afghanistan as displaced persons. They have urged the UNHCR in Afghanistan to recognize them as political refugees and help them resettle in a safe country.

“We’re still waiting to be resettled,” says Halsa in her video message.

She also mentions that several other family members had been abducted by the military even before the February 18 incident.

“Zafar and Asif, my two cousins, were picked up and disappeared from Surab, Balochistan. Irshad was abducted from Lakpas area of Quetta and Imran from outside the Civil Hospital, Quetta. My uncle, Zia-ur-Rahman, was abducted while he was travelling from Quetta to Tootak,” she adds. All remain missing to date.

Halsa fears that the bodies found in the mass graves might belong to her missing family members.

Courtesy: Balochistan Times




Balochistan: Identity of hundreds of decomposed bodies must be established

In a short video broadcasted on 13 March 2019, BBC Urdu reported that Edhi Foundation (a charity organization) buried 131 mutilated and decomposed bodies in one of three graveyards in Dasht, some 30 KM away from Quetta, capital of Balochistan. All these bodies were discovered during the last 26 months from different parts of Balochistan. According to the report, the Foundation has three different cemeteries in which hundreds more decomposed bodies are buried. A worker from the foundation says that the identity of the tortured, decomposed bodies could not be established. Their faces are decomposed to a level that no one can recognize them. So they are handed over to the foundation to be buried. The same worker also claims that they (the foundation) make a last minute attempt to identify the bodies by taking the pictures and posting them on facebook, in expectation that some of their relatives may identify and bury them according to the customs. Hardly 5 to 8 percent of these bodies are identified in this way, says the Edhi personnel in the video report.

In the same video report Dr Aisha, a police surgeon in Quetta can be heard saying “These bodies are mostly of the young people. Sometimes they would acid the faces so that they could not be recognized at all”,

When the BBC reporter puts the question of these unidentified dead bodies in front of the home minister of Balochistan Zia Langov, he answers, “No one came to us and said there is a body decomposed beyond recognition so that we could help to establish the identity”, He further says “we cannot help in this until some of the family members of the deceased won’t take a step ahead and ask our help”. Such confusing statements from the civil government officials indicate their unwillingness or inability to challenge the strong grip of the military in Balochistan affairs and investigate these dead bodies popping up from Balochistan against their wishes. All reports show that these bodies are a result of the military´s notorious kill and dump policy and utmost efforts are made by the military to hinder all legal processes from lodging an FIR of enforced disappearance to determining the identity of the dead bodies.

Families of victims of enforced disappearances protesting in the streets of quetta for their loved ones. Photo: VBMP

The report has further traumatized the already devastated families of thousands of missing persons.

Since 2011, tortured and decomposed bodies are recovered from different parts of Balochistan on almost weekly basis. Most of them are buried without establishing their identities. In May 2011, a mass grave was discovered in Panjgur area of Balochistan which contained unrecognizable bodies of almost fifteen persons. Three among them were identified as Abid Shah, Safir and Sattar, all three were abducted by military in broad day light from Panjgur city and had remained forcibly disappeared until popping up as dead bodies in that mass grave.

Two other mass graves were discovered by shepherds in Tutak area of Khuzdar area of Balochistan, containing more than 100 bodies, all decomposed beyond recognition. One of the bodies had the identity card, as Naseer Ahmad of Awaran. Naseer Ahmad was abducted by military from main bazar of Awaran, in front of the public. The military then sealed the surrounding area of mass graves and buried all the bodies once again in an undisclosed grave without establishing the identities.

Since then more than a dozen of mass graves were discovered from different places at different times. Every time a mass grave is discovered the military either reburies the bodies in full security and without a DNA test or gets them reburied by the civil authorities under their watchful eyes without ever giving a chance to the families of the enforced disappeared persons to carry out DNA tests.

However, the bodies Edhi Foundation buried in these three cemeteries are claimed to be not found from mass graves but are found individually, dumped in different areas, mostly in uninhabited areas of the region.

Thousands have gone missing in Balochistan since early 2000’s. Military has adopted a policy of enforced disappearance and extra judicial killing to suppress the nationalist movement in the region.

Family members of missing persons are protesting for safe release of their loved ones since 2001. The protesters demand that if their loved ones are torture to death then they should be informed by the government, but the authorities have not taken the issue seriously so far.

Continued discovery of decomposed bodies and unclear statements from the government only serve to increase the pains of the family members of missing persons, who see no hope from any side.

We demand a fair investigation supervised by a fair international body and DNA tests on all such dead bodies that are buried without establishing their identities.




Baloch poet and writer Nazar Dost abducted by Pakistan military, should be released immediately

Nazar Mohammad (32), pen name Nazar Dost, is a sergeant in Royal Army of Oman. He joined the army on July 24, 2006. On January 26, 2019, he arrived in Balochistan, his birth land, to spend his two month vocations with his family.

He was involuntarily abducted and disappeared by Pakistani military forces from Kech, Balochistan on March 5 this year. His family is still not informed about his guilt and locations.

Mr. Nazar is an author of five Balochi books, including three novels. According to his family and friends, he has no connections with any political party and violent activities. They say, he is a literary person and a peaceful breadwinner.

He is originally from Tanzala village in Kolwa of district Kech, Balochistan. His family is very concerned about his well-being due to the previous abductions of literary persons in Balochistan and the discovery of their bodies from the military torture cells.

His vocations will finish on March 20, 2019. He is supposed to be there by then and join his duty, otherwise he would lose his job. He is the only breadwinner of his extended family. His disappearance and loss of job will greatly effect the family both mentally and physically.

The HRCB strongly condemns his forceful disappearance by Pakistan military and asks for an immediate court appearance of him. If he has done anything wrong, he must be investigated in a judicial process and his family must be given the right to meet him and fight his case.

We also encourage his family to register his case as soon as possible. We will be very pleased to help the family in writing and submitting the case, if needed.




Student of Balochistan went missing from Peshawar, KPK

Mr. Sarfaraz is a first-year student of BS program in Psychology department at University of Peshawar went missing on February 13. Family believes Sarfaraz is picked up and forcibly disappeared by Pakistan’s intelligence agencies of Pakistan.

“His cell phone is off since then, but sometimes on the following day messages were delivered to his number but there were no replies”, says family.

Mr. Sarfaraz is a local of Awaran, Balochistan where educational institutions are mostly under Pakistan military’s occupation including two Inter Colleges in the district. He, somehow, managed to get to Peshawar university for higher education.

Sarfaraz is not the first student of Balochistan went missing in other cities of Pakistan. Nawaz Atta, a famous human rights activist, Ezzat Baloch, a student leader went missing along with many others in Karachi Sindh.

Sarfaraz’s family is displaced from their birth village. They have no permanent place to live. Creating further disturbance and pain by abducting the vulnerable student members of the family is the highest form of punishment to the family with no sin.

The HRCB strongly condemns the enforced disappearance of Mr. Sarfaraz and demands his urgent recovery.

HRCB has already submitted the case to the Secretariat of the UN WGEID, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and an email with the details of the case was also sent to Shireen Mazari, the Minister of Human Rights of Pakistan.

We are thankful to the Secretariat of the WGEID of the UN and Amnesty International for their urgent response to the request to take action on the issue.




Balochistan: Leaked video shows military brutally killing unarmed person

A chilling video has surfaced in Pakistan, opening a window into military’s decade-long brutalities in Balochistan.

Dozens of soldiers in the paramilitary Frontier Corps’ uniform open bursts of fire on an unarmed man in Balochistan’s Dasht area in Mekran division, killing him on the spot.

The incident, captured in the video, took place in Kros-e-Tank area in Dasht on February 25, 2017. The man being shot at has been recognized as Rafiq Shahsawar.

Pakistan military has long been accused by human rights groups and activists of committing extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances and other abuses in the restive Balochistan region. However, the military has persistently denied such charges and restricted journalists from entering the affected areas. The recent video provides rare, graphic evidence of the military’s highhandedness.

Rafiq left his home after two major military operations and lived in rural areas of Dasht. On 25 February 2017, the military sieged the village and conducted a heavy operation. He was wounded and unarmed as the video shows and was killed in cold blood.

Aslam Shahsawar killed by military along with three others in Gébon, Kech. Photo:HRCB

The house of the family has been under attack since 2012. On 27 April 2012, military sieged Gébon village of Turbat, district Kech and killed one of brothers, Aslam Shahsawar, along with three others, in a same kind of operation. Family says Aslam was killed with same brutality, but there was no such evidence, as the incident of Rafiq has.

Hakim Shahsawar injured and later killed by Military. Photo:HRCB

In April 2012’s military operation, one of the brothers, Hakim received a bullet in his leg and was wounded. On 5 August 2012, military sieged the house again and killed Hakim.

Next year, in 2013, another brother, Hayát Shahsawár, got a bullet, in Kalatuk village of district Kech, where military opened random fire in main bazar, after they were attacked. Hayat received two bullets on his hands and one in his back bone. He was disabled and could not move his feet even.

Hayat Shahsawar, a poet, dragged from his bed to the street and shot killed by military. Photo:HRCB

On 13 April 2015, military sieged the house again and conducted another military operation. This time, military took the disabled Hayat Shahsawar, known as Hayat Bewas, the poet. Soldiers dragged him from his bed to the streets, shot him killed in the same way and then claimed he was killed in a battle, when Hayat the disabled poet and his friends attacked the military in a mountainous area in the region.

The video provides human rights groups and independent journalists with an opportunity to investigate the military’s alleged role in Balochistan with hard evidence. This is undeniable evidence, but it’s of no use unless HR bodies and media corroborates its authenticity and its high time that situation of Balochistan be investigated and the perpetrators brought to justice.

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Family members of Baloch missing persons in limelight again

The protest campaign by the relatives of enforced disappeared persons from Balochistan has recently gained momentum with sympathy and support pouring down from politicians and journalists.

The protesters have set up a camp outside the Quetta Press Club which has completed over 3,000 days.

The protest is being organized by the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons, a group of relatives of Baloch missing persons.

The recent escalation in protests came by when 23 years old Seema from Awaran joined Mama Qadeer´s camp and sat in token hunger strike. Her brother Shabir Baloch, the Central press secretary of Baloch Students Organization, was forcibly disappeared from Gwarkop area in district Kech in October 2016. He was abducted along with more than twenty others. The others were released later, but Shabir is still missing.

The family filed an FIR (First Information Report) against the perpetrators but were denied and eventually they went to the court and filed a case. As usual, all these efforts went unattended.

After two weeks of hunger strike, Seema along with some other family members of missing persons arranged a small rally and marched to the Chief Minister´s House to urge the release of their loved ones.

The family members were manhandled by police as they were stopped from visiting Chief Minister’s House.

The protesting women and children were photographed crying helplessly by the activists and shared on the social media. As a result, people from all walks of life began expressing sympathy with the protesters. Many people also joined the protest.

Families of other forcibly disappeared persons started flocking to the camp one after another. Now the camp is brimming with women and children demanding the release of their loved ones.

1. Sultana Hozur Bakhsh, mother of once killed son found renewed hope

Imagine what will happen to a mother if her son is abducted in front of her eyes and imagine that mother is living in a war zone and the abductors are the state security forces. She does not hear a single word about his son for four years despite all her struggle. And then four bodies are discovered from a mass grave about fifty kilometers from her house. The bodies are decomposed beyond recognition. The government forces hurriedly get hold of the bodies and bury them, as if to hide a crime. The mother rightfully suspects that one of the dead bodies was of his son.

The mother has been requesting DNA test of the bodies to confirm if any of them belonged to his son. She sits in protest in front of the main military camp in Panjgur. After a few days she is escorted into the military camp and informed that one of the bodies was that of her son. 

After four years of grueling wait, the family finally mourns their loss. The wife of the victim is informed of her widowhood. The pain of losing a loved one can be relieving in some cases in Balochistan. Perhaps, the mother was relieved by the thought that the son is dead and he no longer has to endure the torture by the military. After the mourning period the family tried to restart their normal life. But they receive another bombshell.

The security forces inform them that they had committed a mistake and that the Khair Bux among the four dead was not his son but another Khair Bux sharing her son’s name. The security forces took the courtesy to inform the mother that the “Khair Bux” the mother was looking for is still alive and in their torture cells.

2. Little Ansa weeps for her brother

Ansa Baloch is a ten years old student of class one. She is a sister of Amir Gurgunarhi. She skips the school every day to attend the protest camp. A picture of her breaking into tears while talking about her disappeared brother has gone viral on the internet.

Ansa Baloch, 10 years old sister of abducted Amir Baloch breaks into tears while addressing a press conference.

Amir was a student in Quetta, capital of Balochistan. He went to his village in Kharan to spend his vacations with family. At around 01:00 local time, on 03 February, 2017, some 30 military vehicles came at their house and sieged the area. They took Amir, dragged him to one of the military trucks and left. No one has heard anything about Amir since then.

 

3. Dost Muhammad, abducted in 2012 from Karachi International Airport

Wife and mother of Dost Muhammad Baloch has also joined the protest camp. Dost Muhammad had been working in Oman armed forces. He went to Balochistan on his annual vacations in 2012. When he was going back to Oman, he was picked up from the Karachi International Airport in February 2012 and is missing since then.

The family has been running pillar to post to find any trace of Dost Muhammad. They tried to file an FIR against the abduction but police refused to register the case.

Dost Muhammad was picked up along with another friend. His friend was later released but he is still missing.

Mother of abducted Dost Mohammad Baloch. Photo: Social Media

4. Saddam Bangulzai, the only bread-earner of the house

Miss Afia and Fatima joined the camp to raise the issue of abduction of their brother, Saddam Hussain Bangulzai. Saddam is student of English Department in Balochistan University. His father is a retired clerk and was expecting Saddam to take over the responsibilities of the household. Sisters say Saddam was the only bread-earner of the family.

He was picked up by security forces from his house, in front of the mother and sisters, in 2015 and never came back. His sister said in a video message from the protest camp that the entire family is slowly starving to death. There’s no one to feed the younger ones and “we did what we could to find our brother”. They begged “if Saddam is guilty of any crime, he must be produced in a court and trialed”.

5. Hafeezulla, family paid ransom to officials, but money was not enough

The protest was also joined by the family of Hafeezulla of Dalbanden Balochistan. He was abducted by security forces from the house of his cousin in 2016. His mother says:

“Major Naveed of Pakistan Army called us to pay ransom in return of Hafeez’s release. We sold out whatever we had and then we begged from house to house. We managed to collect 6.8 million rupees, which we paid to the Major. He promised that Hafeez would be released in a month. But when the month passed, he asked for another 5 million rupees. We don’t have anything left”. The mother pleaded, “If my child is guilty, he should be produced in a court”.

The Voice for Baloch Missing person’s camp is not new. It was set up a few years ago by the family members of the enforced disappeared persons. The protesters also came to limelight in 2013 when they marched from Quetta to Islamabad, some 2000 kilometers.




Balochistan: Military abduct 35 from different areas

Pakistani security forces abducted 35 persons from Khuzdar, Kech, Awaran, Gwadar and Lasbela districts of Balochistan.

On 13 November, Pakistani forces abducted Sayit Swali resident of Mand Kolwah.

On 12 November, forces and personnel of intelligence agencies abducted Abdul Wahid Ali Jan and Amir Bakhsh Naz Mohammad, residents of Zyarat Dan, district Awaran from Hub district Lasbela.

On 11 November, forces abducted Rashid Ibrahem, Akram Sayad, Akhtar Omed and his two brothers, Khalil and Liaqat from Bahot Chath, Dasht, district Kech.

On 10 November, forces abducted a balochi poet Akram Zakir Ata Mohammad from Zamuran, Buleda, district Kech.

Shakil Mola Bakhsh. Photo: Ashoob News

On 10 November, forces abducted a student Shakil Mola Bakhsh resident of Kolwa, district Kech from Aapsar area of Turbat, district Kech.

On 09 November, forces raided a house in Pirandar, district Awaran and abducted Ghafoor Nizar, a farmer by profession.

On 05 November, personnel of intelligence agencies raided Noorullah Habibullah house in Kili Bawal Khan and abducted him.

On 28 October, personnel of intelligence agencies abducted Asif Ali, resident of Zaren Bogh, Dasht from GTA park, district Gwadar.

On 28 October, personnel of intelligence agencies abducted Hassan Kamalan from Kahnak, Mand district Kech.

On 20 October, forces and personnel of intelligence agencies raided a house in New Town, district Gwadar and abducted Musa Iqbal and his brother Mujib, residents of Dasht, district Kech. Separately, Qadir Hasil resident of Nayabad, Gwadar was abducted from Ward Captain Murad Bakhsh by the forces.

On 20 October, forces abducted Ghalib Lal Bakhsh and Shahdad from Malant, Tump, district Kech.

On 19 October, forces abducted 60 years old Gajian Ibrahim, Waris Mohammad and Sadiq Rustum from Dasht, district Kech.

On 19 October, forces raided a house in Khalidabad, Mashkay, district Awaran and abducted Abdul Rahim Azim Khan and Pasand Jamal Khan.

On 19 October, forces abducted Latif Faqir Bakhsh, Swali Ahmed, Waqar Arz Mohammad, Babul Mohammad and Washdil Bujer from Jamakk, Pidark, district Kech.

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On 18 October, forces and personnel of intelligence agencies abducted Abdul Wahid Khuda Bakhsh resident of Baghbana, Khuzdar, from Khuzdar Bus terminal Centre.

On 18 October, forces raided a house in Zumdan, Pirandar, district Awaran and abducted Noor Bakhsh Mayar.

On 18 October, forces abducted Ali Bakhsh Rahim Bakhsh and Ishaq Hussain from Jamakk, Pidark, district Kech.

On 14 October, forces abducted Azhar Jalil, Halim and qader from district Kech.

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Whereabouts of the abductees remain unknown.

The Pakistan military adopted a policy of enforced disappearances and severe military operations to stifle the Baloch peoples struggle for their political and economic rights. Since 2004, thousands of Baloch activists, poets, students, rights activists and others have been forcibly disappeared. The military keeps their whereabouts unknown and subjects them to torture for months.

In 2009, the situation got worse. The Pakistan military abducted three key Baloch leaders, including Ghulam Mohammad Baloch who was the President of the Baloch National Movement (BNM), from the Turbat city of Balochistan on April 3, 2009. In a week, on April 9, their tortured and bullet-riddled bodies were found dumped near the Turbat city. It was the beginning of the military’s now infamous kill-and-dump operations, in which they abduct political activists, journalists, educationists, student activists and human rights defenders, and later dump their bodies in desolated areas.




Balochistan: Military brings back abducted man in a coffin

A man who had been abducted by unknown gunmen was brought back dead, locked in a coffin, by the military in Balochistan’s Awaran region.

Moosa Lal Muhammad was abducted by  unknown gunmen on October 17 in the Awaran region of Balochistan. He was abducted along with two of his cousins, Asadulla Rasool Bakhsh and Aziz Fazal, from their houses in Awaran. 

Moosa’s body was brought back to village by the military. 

“He was locked in a coffin. No one was allowed to open the coffin but the body was still bleeding at the time of burial. Soldiers remained present during the whole burial process, so no one asked any question,” said a local source. 

The fate of the other two abducted with Moosa is still unknown. 

“He was abducted by the gunmen of Ali Haidar, a tribal chief-cum-politician whose militia is being used as military’s proxy in the region. His castle is also used as a detention center, where military keeps women and children, family members of nationalist political workers,” says a France-based political worker, Dr. Nasim Ahmad Baloch, who belongs to the same region of Balochistan. Dr. Baloch was abducted twice in Balochistan and is currently serving as the organizer of the Baloch National Movement’s Diaspora Committee.




Balochistan: Seventy-one including four women forcibly disappeared by military, five killed

Seventy-two more cases of enforced disappearance have been reported during the month of October 2018 so far, while five persons were killed in Awaran and Kech districts of Balochistan.

Wahid Umar. Photo: Ashoob News

Wahid Umar died in a hospital in Turbat on 13 October after he was released from the military’s detention. He was tortured badly and was taken to hospital as soon as he was released. But he could not recover and died soon after he was taken to hospital. He was abducted by security forces from Dasht area of district Kech on 21 September 2018.

In another case, the tortured body of Ali Dost Jan Muhammad was found dumped in Panjgur Balochistan on 14 October 2018. He was allegedly abducted by armed men linked to military, on 6 June 2017.

Sadiq Nasir and Asad Domado were willfully killed by security forces during a search operation in Bolan area of Balochistan on 14 October. Many locals say they were arrested by security forces first and then shot killed on spot.

In another incident, Rasool Bakhsh of Awaran was killed in a battle between Baloch armed nationalists and an armed group, allegedly linked to the powerful military of Pakistan, on 16 October 2018.

Disappeared persons include four women, Khair Bibi, Mah Jan, Samina and Lal Khatoon of Awaran Balochistan who were abducted by security forces during a military operation on 7 October 2018. Whereabouts of all these women are still unknown. More than fifty women and children have been abducted by military in Awaran region since December 2017. Most of them are kept at a house near military camp in Mashkay, district Awaran. The issue of abduction of women and children came into light when a pregnant lady, Naz Gul died of lack of medical assistance during the pregnancy related complications in the illegal detention in April 2018.

Nine more persons were abducted by military from same region of Awaran Balochistan in different raids. Five of them, Mohammad Ashraf, Rasheed Muhammad, Majeed Noor Muhammad, Basheer Ahmad and Muhammad Ramzan on 7 October, Muslim Taj Mohammad on 10 October and Noor Bakhsh, Abdul Raheem and Pasund on 19 October 2018.

Twenty-four persons were abducted and forcibly disappeared in district Kech. Akhtar, Akbar, Zubair and Yasir Jalil were abducted on 1 October from Buleda area of district Kech. Yasib and Aqeel were abducted in Dasht on 2 October, Yousuf Iqbal was abducted on 3rd and Meeruk and Badil were abducted on 4th of October 2018. On 20 October, forces raided a house in Tump area of district Kech and abducted Ghalib and Shahdad from their house.

Washdil Bojer, Swali Ahmed, Ishaq Hussain, Lateef Faqeer, Babul Mohammad, Dad Bakhsh Karim bakhsh, Waqar Arz Muhammad and Elahi Bakhsh Rahim Bakhsh were abducted by security forces during an operation in Pidrak area of district Kech on 19 October 2018.

Khalil Yar Muhammad and Sadiq Qadir Bakhsh were abducted from district Panjgur on 14 October 2018.

Eleven persons, Matho Khan, Alim, Nasro, Sahib Khan, Nizam Uddin, Hasan Khan, Gul Alim, Zareef, Kamal, Salah Uddin and Jalal Uddin were abducted during a military operation in Bolan area of Balochistan on 14 October.

Ali Akbar Yar Muhammad was abducted by security forces on 16 October and Sarmad Hameed, Moosa Iqbal, Mujib Iqbal and Qadir Hasil in different raids on 20 October in Gwadar Balochistan.

Abdul Waheed Khuda Bakhsh was abducted by military from a Bus terminal in Khuzdar area of Balochistan on 18 October 2018.

Ahmed Ghani, Azhar Jalil, Haleem and Qadir were abducted by security forces in different raids, on 15 October, according to initial reports.

The Pakistan military adopted a policy of enforced disappearances and severe military operations to stifle the Baloch peoples struggle for their political and economic rights. Since 2004, thousands of Baloch activists, poets, students, rights activists and others have been forcibly disappeared. The military keeps their whereabouts unknown and subjects them to torture for months and sometimes for years.

In 2009, the situation got worse. The Pakistan military abducted three key Baloch leaders, including Ghulam Mohammad Baloch who was the President of the Baloch National Movement (BNM), from the Turbat city of Balochistan on April 3, 2009. In a week, on April 9, their tortured and bullet-riddled bodies were found dumped near the Turbat city. It was the beginning of the military’s now infamous kill-and-dump operations, in which they abduct political activists, journalists, educationists, student activists and human rights defenders, and later dump their bodies in desolated areas.