March report: 80 forcibly disappeared, 28 killed by military in Balochistan

Human rights situation in Balochistan remained grim in the month of March, as family members accuse Pakistan military of forcibly disappearing 80 persons and killing 28 during the month.

Military has been engaged in a ruthless counterinsurgency operation in Balochistan since 2004 to curb a separatist insurgency. Thousands of Baloch activists and sympathizers have been extrajudically killed and even more have been forcibly disappeared.

Military claimed to have arrested 23 ‘terrorists’ in Balochistan in March 2018 with huge cache of arms and ammunitions in six differed operations, part of Pakistan’s so-called Radd-ul-Fasaad or Anti-Terror operations. Out of 23, six were ‘arrested’ on 2 March, two on 12 March, four on 15 March, five on 18 March, two and four on 28 March 2018.

However, the security forces have not produced a single alleged ‘terrorist’ in a court of law, neither made the identity of any of them public.

Asim Amin Photo courtesy: Ashob

The HRCB received partial details of 80 cases of enforced disappearances from six districts of Balochistan. Balochistan is divided into thirty-two administrative districts. There have been reports of enforced disappearances in almost all the districts of Balochistan, but HRCB could not get any … Read more

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Balochistan: Military abducts 32; militants kill former colleague

Pakistan’s security forces have abducted 32 persons, including teenagers and students, from Washuk, Kharan, Panjgur and Kech districts of Balochistan.

On 11 April, security forces conducted a military operation in Beront area of Balgetar, district Kech, Balochistan and abducted three brothers, Hatim, Maqbol and Azim Murad Bakhsh.

On 09 April 2018, personnel of intelligence agencies raided Omari Kahn area of district Kech, Balochistan and abducted two students, Qasim Swal Jan and Jalal Murad.

On the same day, forces started a search operation in Jattani Bazar, Dasht district Kech, Balochistan and abducted Fida Dost Mohammad and 60 years old Murad Jan Mahmud. Fida’s daughter Samreen was killed last year during a military operation in the same area.

Separately, forces abducted Younis Shambay, resident of Bal Negwar, Dasht, district Kech, Balochistan on the same day.

On 08 April, forces raided a house in Dalsar area of Dasht, district Kech, Balochistan and abducted Sanni Barkat from his house.

On the same day, security forces abducted Waris Ghafoor and 12 years old Abdullah Hidayat during a military operation in Jan Mohammad Bazar, Dasht district Kech of Balochistan.

Sana Jan Khair Jan. Photo: Ashoob Social Media

Separately, personnel of security forces and intelligence agencies raided … Read more

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Military kills five, abducts 35 in Balochistan

Pakistani security forces have killed five civilians and abducted 35 from different districts of Balochistan in March this year.

On 21 March 2018, security forces started a military operation in Soler, Tobah and Pashtkoh areas of Besima, district Awaran, which continued for four days. Communication networks remained closed during the operation. Several people were abducted, tortured and later released. But four persons taken away are still missing, local HRCB volunteers confirmed.

“Three brothers, Ghulam Jan Pendok, Basit Jan Pendok, Reko Pendok along with Ashraf Jumma are confirmed missing. All of them are residents of Soler Village. Ghulam Qadir s/o Dilshad and Akram Isa, residents of Soler were killed in firing by security forces. All these reports come from a single village. We cannot yet confirm situation in other villagers affected by the military operation,” says HRCB activists.

Mubarak Lashkaran. Photo: Ashoob Social Media

Masked armed men shot killed Mubarak Lashkaran and his son, Muhabat Jan in Parwar village of Mashkay, district Awaran, on 14 March, 2018. His other son, Noor-ul-Haq was critically injured. Baloch nationalists accuse the armed men of belonging to death squads sponsored by the security establishment to counter a separatist insurgency.

Mehar Ali. Photo: Social media

On … Read more

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The already weak education system under attack in Balochistan

1          Abbreviations


UN United Nations
HRCB Human Rights Council of Balochistan
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
USA United States of America
DELTA Dynamic English Language Teaching Academy
GBPS Government Boys Primary School
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
CSS Central Superior Services
PCS Provincial Civil Services


2          Background

Education is one of the basic rights of human being. Education & literacy rates are considered the basic unit of human development. The same are also adopted internationally by UN and other development institutions with a joint resolution to meet Millennium Development Goals including literacy parameters to eradicate poverty and achieve true economic development. Pakistan is a signatory of the same resolution. However, the reality on the ground shows that Pakistan is depriving Baloch this basic right with a systematic destruction of education institutions and educational infrastructure in Balochistan.

Although, it’s not possible to gauge the full depth of the deteriorating education system in Balochistan due to travel restrictions, total media blackout because of the ongoing conflict between native Baloch and law enforcement forces of Pakistan, this report attempts to highlight how  tragic and grave the  situation is. Balochistan has become a war zone and … Read more

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Balochistan 2017: an Overview of Human Rights Situation


Pakistan is a signatory to many treaties and conventions that assign the state the responsibility of protecting the citizens of any illegal detention, torture, inhuman and degrading treatment.

To name a few most important, Pakistan has signed the Convention Against Torture and the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights on 17 April 2008 and ratified them on 23rd June 2010; signed the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights on 3rd November 2004 and ratified it on 17 April 2008; signed the Convention on the Rights of Child on 20 September 1990 and ratified it on 12 November 1990.

The government of Pakistan has formed a National Commission for Human Rights, claiming to independently investigate the cases and enforce the laws state has introduced in its legislation covering and protecting the articles of the above-mentioned conventions and covenants.

The cases of enforced disappearances of Baloch activists and their family members have multiplied in number in the recent months. The National Commission of Human Rights seems to have failed to make any difference. It has helped cover up the role of security agencies in the enforced disappearances in the name of national security.

Almost all … Read more

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Tales from the dungeon: Dr Yousuf Murad Baloch

This is first part of Balochistan Time’s Tales from the dungeon series in which former victims of enforced disappearances tell their ordeal. Dr Yousuf Murad Baloch was among the first victims. He was taken away from Karachi in March 2005 along with other members of the Baloch Students Organization (BSO). He now lives in Germany.

If you are an educated Baloch and you do not plan to appear in the competitive exams, or you have failed to mould your voice into a specific obedient tone always beginning your sentences with “sir”, or you do not believe in the divinity of the Pakistan army, then you are most likely to end up in a secret services-operated torture cell. Also, if in any way, you happened to have read the wrong books, you can be taken to a tour to dungeons for re-education.

The pain you are inflicted upon in these torture cells is of another level. Torture is an institutionalized science in Pakistan and your torturers follow a certain protocol to inflict maximum pain, break down your spirit and influence your thinking to fit into the official narrative.

Before I start telling my ordeal in military-operated dungeons, let me explain why … Read more

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Tales from the Dungeon: Dr Naseem Baloch

In the Tales from the Dungeon series of Balochistan Times, former victims of enforced disappearance recount their ordeal. Dr Naseem Baloch was forcibly disappeared twice. He was first whisked away by security forces in 2005 along with Dr Imdad Baloch, Dr Allah Nizar, Dr Yousuf Murad, Ghulam Rasool, Akhtar Nadeem and Ali Nawaz Gohar, all incumbent or former leaders of the the Baloch Students Organization (BSO). In 2010, he was ‘kidnapped’ again. He now lives in France as a political refugee.

It was March 25, 2005. Nauman Avenue Aparments, Gulistan e Jauhar, Karachi. The doorbell rang at around 3am. I woke up, opened the door and saw around 20 people in police and paramilitary uniforms. Some were in civilian clothes.

“What’s happening, sir,” I asked politely. In response, someone hit me with the butt of his AK-47 — once on my head and once on my neck, forcing me to collapse on the ground. They handcuffed my hands on my back and blindfolded me. I could hear my other friends being beaten and handcuffed.

We were thrown into a vehicle, barefoot, and driven to a secret military location.

They did not let us sleep for three nights. We were hanging, … Read more

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World Report 2013: Pakistan

Events of 2012

Pakistan had a turbulent year in 2012, with the judicial ouster of Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani, attacks on civilians by militant groups, growing electricity shortages, rising food and fuel prices, and continuing political dominance of the military, which operates with almost complete impunity. Religious minorities continued to face insecurity and persecution as the government failed to provide protection to those threatened or to hold extremists accountable. Islamist militant groups continued to target and kill  Shia Muslims—particularly from the Hazara community—with impunity. In September, the southwestern province of Balochistan experienced massive flooding for the third year running, displacing some 700,000 people.

Ongoing rights concerns included the breakdown of law enforcement in the face of terror attacks, continuing abuses across Balochistan, ongoing torture and ill-treatment of criminal suspects, and unresolved enforced disappearances of terrorism suspects and opponents of the military. Abuses by Pakistani police, including extrajudicial killings, also continued to be reported throughout the country in 2012.

Relations between Pakistan and the United States —Pakistan’s most significant ally and its largest donor of development and military aid—remained tense for much of the year due to the “Salala Attack” in November 2011, in which US forces killed 24 Pakistani … Read more

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Pakistan: Abuses, Impunity Erode Rights

Attacks on Religious Minorities Surge, Judiciary Takes Political Decisions

(Islamabad) – Pakistan’s government has failed to act against abuses by the security and intelligence agencies, which continued to allow extremist groups to attack religious minorities, Human Rights Watch said today in its World Report 2013The authorities did little to address attacks against journalists and human rights defenders, and committed serious abuses in counter-terrorism operations.

In its 665-page report, Human Rights Watch assessed progress on human rights during the past year in more than 90 countries, including an analysis of the aftermath of the Arab Spring.

“Pakistan’s human rights crisis worsened markedly in 2012 with religious minorities bearing the brunt of killings and repression,” said Ali Dayan Hasan, Pakistan director at Human Rights Watch. “While the military continued to perpetrate abuses with impunity in Balochistan and beyond, Sunni extremists killed hundreds of Shia Muslims and the Taliban attacked schools, students, and teachers.”

Human Rights Watch documented a sharp escalation in persecution of religious minorities in 2012. At least eight journalists were killed in Pakistan in 2012, including four in May alone. No one was held accountable in any of these cases. Media coverage of alleged abuses by … Read more

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